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Dear Friends of echocardiography, welcome to Wikiecho !
Sreekumar Sulfi Jens-Uwe Voigt

Have you ever searched the internet for reliable answers about echocardiography related questions? With WikiEcho, the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) is now offering a free, up-to-date and reliable online encyclopaedia for all people interested in echocardiography. A large number of enthusiastic authors have already contributed over the past few months and from December 2012 the website is open to all users. Please help to make WikiEcho grow by participating actively in the discussions and writing your own articles. As in any wiki, contributions and changes will be published immediately, but to reassure you about the quality of the content, WikiEcho has a special feature: articles will be reviewed by an EACVI board of echocardiography experts. Watch out for the EACVI logo which indicates approved articles! We would be glad if WikiEcho becomes your most used and trusted online source in echocardiography.
With best regards,

Sreekumar Sulfi, WikiEcho Founder
Jens-Uwe Voigt, EACVI WikiEcho Project Leader

Welcome to WikiEcho!
General principles of echocardiography Physics of ultrasound | Transducers | Settings of the echocardiography machine | Imaging Principles of Ultrasound | Image Storage principles | Artifacts and pitfalls of imaging | Biologic Effects of Ultrasound and Safety | Quality Assurance of Ultrasound Instruments | General principles of Doppler Echocardiography | Spectral Doppler | Continuous wave Doppler | Colour Doppler |
The echocardiographic examination Basic imaging principles | Transducer positions and views | M-Mode echo | Principles of echo measurements | Special echocardiography techniques | Anatomy of aorta | Anatomy of the Left ventricle | Anatomy of the Right ventricle | Anatomy of mitral valve | Anatomy of tricuspid valve | Anatomy of aortic valve | Effect on echo examination on arrhythmias and conduction disturbances
Assessment of Diameters, Volumes and Mass Assessment of Cardiac Diameters | Assessment of LV Volume | Assessment of right ventricular volumes | Left ventricular mass |
Non-invasive Hemodynamics Derived from Echo-Doppler Basic principles of non-invasive hemodynamics, volume and flow measurement | Normal Antegrade Intracardiac Flows | Assessment of Intracardiac Pressures | Continuity Equation | Pressure Half-Time Method | Proximal Isovelocity Surface Area (PISA) | Ventricular Contractility Assessment (dP/dt)) |
Assessment of Systolic Function Determinants of LV Performance | Global LV Systolic Function | Regional Systolic Function | Interdependence of LV and right ventricle | Global RV systolic function | Arterial-ventricular coupling evaluation by echocardiography |
Assessment of Diastolic Function Basic Principles of diastolic function assessment | Mitral flow | Pulmonary venous flow | Velocity flow propagation by colour M-mode | Echo-Doppler Approach to LV Diastolic Function |
Ischemic Heart Disease Coronary Anatomy and Function | Myocardial Ischemia | Myocardial Infarction |
Heart Valve Diseases Aortic stenosis | Aortic regurgitation | Pulmonary stenosis | Pulmonary regurgitation | Mitral stenosis | Mitral regurgitation | Mitral valve prolapse | Tricuspid stenosis | Tricuspid regurgitation | Prosthetic valves | Valvular Heart Disease Associated with Systemic Conditions | Infective endocarditis |
Cardiomyopathies Dilated cardiomyopathy | Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy | Restrictive cardiomyopathy | Infiltrative cardiomyopathy | Arrhythmogenic RV dysplasia | Takotsubo cardiomyopathy | Cardiac transplantation | Echo parameters in CRT patients selection | Myocarditis |
Systemic and Pulmonary Hypertensive Heart Disease Systemic Hypertension | Pulmonary Heart Disease (Cor Pulmonale) |
Pericardial Disease Pericardial effusion | Pericardial Tamponade | Constrictive pericarditis | Differential diagnosis constrictive pericarditis - restrictive cardiomyopathy | Pericardial Cysts | Congenital Absence of Pericardium |
Congenital Heart Disease Segmental Approach to congenital heart diseases | Congenital left ventricular outflow tract obstruction | Congenital right ventricular outflow tract obstruction | Atrial septal defects | Ventricular septal defect | Patent ductus arteriosus | Atrioventricular septal defects | Partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage | Persistent left superior vena cava | Ebstein’s Anomaly | Tetralogy of Fallot | Coarctation of aorta | Transposition of great arteries |
Masses, Tumors and Sources of Embolism Infectious Masses | Thrombi | Cardiac Tumors | Mitral annulus calcification | Cystic masses | Extracardiac “Masses” | Structures Mistaken for Abnormal Cardiac Mass | Echocardiography in cryptogenic stroke patients |
Diseases of the Aorta Aortic Dissection | Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms | Traumatic Injury of the Aorta | Aortic Atherosclerosis | Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysms |
Stress Echocardiography Basic Principles of stress echocardiography | Technical Aspects of stress echocardiography | Interpretative Aspects of stress echocardiography | Accuracy of stress echocardiography | Dipyridamole Stress Echo | Dobutamine Stress Echo | Prognostic Role of Stress Echo | Myocardial Viability | Stress Echo for Hemodynamics and Valve Disease | Exercise Echo | Pacing stress echo |
Contrast Echocardiography Bubble Physics, Pharmacology, Safety | Contrast Agents | Imaging Instrumentation for Contrast Agents |
Real-time Three-dimensional Echocardiography Comparison between 2D and 3D | 3D Instrumentation | 3D Display | 3D Quantitation |
Tissue Doppler and Speckle Tracking Technique of Tissue Doppler Imaging | Technique of Speckle tracking Imaging | Clinical applications of speckle tracking |
Systemic diseases and other Conditions Athlete’s Heart | Heart during pregnancy | Carcinoid heart disease | Hemochromatosis | Sarcoid | Amyloidosis | Rheumatoid arthritis | Systemic Lupus Erythematosus | Antiphospholipid syndrome | Ankylosing spondylitis | Marfan syndrome | Takayasu arteritis | Kawasaki disease | Hypereosinophilic syndrome (Löffler’s) | Churg-Strauss syndrome | Wegener’s granulomatosis | Endocrine diseases | HIV disease (AIDS) |
Principles of Quality Assessment in Echocardiography Principles of Quality Measurements |

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